Autism is a childhood disorder that is more prevalent in boys than in girls. The skills of an autistic child can be high or low depending on both the level of your IQ and verbal communication skills.

The causes of this particular mental illness are still unknown, but there are some theories that may explain the disease.


What are the causes of autism?

The cause or causes of autism are still to be elucidated. You are born with it. It has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt, that there is no causal relationship between attitudes and actions of parents and mothers and the development of autistic spectrum disorders.

Cognitive deficiencies and abnormalities – There seems to be a neurological basis in the, but is unsubstantiated.

Basic biochemical processes. We have found an excess secretion of serotonin in platelets of autistic.

Profile of an autistic child

The autistic child has a look that does not look, but that passes. The infant is usually observed a monotonous babble of sound, a late babbling and lack of contact with their environment, as well as sign language. In his first interactions with others, the first thing that is detected is that there is a mother in her attempts to communicate and be entertained by an object without knowing what it is.

In the preschool years, the child begins to seem strange because not talk. I assume it costs and identify others. No contacts with others in any way. These autistic children may exhibit aggressive behaviour, even to themselves.

Another characteristic of autism is the tendency to carry out activities of limited scope as repetitively spinning or perform rhythmic movements with your body (arms flapping). Autistic with high functional level can repeat television commercials or carry out complex rituals at bedtime.

In adolescence, it is said that one third of people who are autistic often suffer epileptic seizures, which suggests a cause of nervous origin.

Summary of symptoms that indicate that the child is autistic

  • Pointed lack of recognition of the existence or feelings of others.
  • No search for comfort in times of grief.
  • Lack of capacity for imitation .
  • No game social.
  • Lack of adequate transport links.
  • Marked abnormality in nonverbal communication.
  • Absence of imaginative activity, like playing an adult.
  • Marked abnormality in the emission of language with involvement.
  • Fault on the form and content of language. – Stereotyped body movements.
  • Persistent preoccupation of objects.
  • Intense distress over changes in trivial aspects of the environment.
  • Irrational insistence on following routines in every detail.
  • Marked limitation of interest, with concentration on a particular interest.

Is there a treatment?

The special education is the fundamental treatment and may occur in the specific school or very individualized dedication (“matronage”). You can use psychotherapy, although the results are limited because cognitive deficits and language therapy difficult.

Family support is very useful. Parents should know that autistic disorder is a mood disorder associated with aging. You should seek and maintain contacts with associations for parents of autistic children. There are also considering drug treatment, which must be indicated by a specialist physician.

Is it possible to cure autism?

Autism has no cure. It is a syndrome defined in 1943, a psychiatrist named Leo Kanner Austrian origin. Today, 50 years later, the causes of this serious illness is more common than ever. An estimated 350 children in the Madrid live with the syndrome.

What can parents do?

Parents, who suspect their child may be autistic, should consult a pediatrician for a referral to a child and adolescent psychiatrist. These psychiatrist will be the ones who can accurately diagnose this disorder with their level of severity and determine the appropriate educational measures. Autism is a disease and autistic children can have serious lifelong disability. However, with proper treatment, some autistic children can develop independence in certain aspects of their lives.

Parents should encourage their autistic children to develop those skills that make use of their strengths, so that they feel good about themselves. The psychiatrist, in addition to treating the child, can help solve family stress; for example, can help the brothers, who feel ignored by the care required by the autistic child, or feel embarrassed if they bring their friends home. The child and adolescent psychiatrist can help parents resolve the emotional issues that arise as a result of living with an autistic child and guide them so they can create a favourable environment for the development and education of the child.