Mental Disorders

Mental disorders

Mental illness, like physical illness can take several forms. Many people fear mental illness and misunderstood. This fear will disappear when people are better informed.

Mental disorders are defined by changes in family, social, personal, academic and professional performance, understanding of others and of themselves, the possibility of self-criticism, in getting pleasure in life in various sectors and tolerance of everyday problems.

The odds of you knowing someone who has mental problems is quite high. They may present as anxiety, eating disorders, depression, dementia, schizophrenia, misuse of drugs and alcohol.
All these disorders can affect an individual at any time in your life. Despite being common, the suffering and the feeling of incapacity caused by these diseases are much stronger than other health problems.

Mental Disorder

Cause of Mental Disorder

In a general context, the mental disorder is usually the result of the sum of several factors such as:
the genetics of the individual;
changes in brain function;
issues associated with its own personality;
aspects and conditions of sustained education;
large set of stress that affect the individual;
physical assaults and psychological;
physical and mental suffering;
frustrations and disappointments that disturbed emotional balance, etc.
A specific reason for the emergence of a mental illness does not exist; however, it is known that is formed by the union of the socio-cultural, biological and psychological factors.


If you or someone you know is suffering from a mental illness, we have good news for you: all mental illnesses can be treated.

This section will help you learn more about mental illness (also called mental disorders) and their treatment. You will also find useful resources that will help you to deepen your knowledge about mental illness.

Anxiety and Phobias

Anxiety is a mental state of confusion and agitation with a sense of indefinable insecurity, fear not applicable. As for the phobia is a specific irrational fear triggered by an object or a situation has not in themselves dangerous. It is estimated that 12% of French people have suffered from anxiety disorders during their lifetime (source Ministry of Health).


Read more on anxieties and phobias


Disorders of depression have an impact on the professional and social familial life,.Unlike “the blues” or “depressed” mood in depression and malaise vary little from one day to another, or as life events.


Read more on depression


Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects about 1% of the population (source National Authority for Health). It is a disease usually severe, often develops over a long period.Schizophrenia is recognized as a long-term illness.


Read more on schizophrenia


Bipolar disorder 

Formerly called manic depression (PMD), bipolar disorders are disorders characterized by abnormal mood swings. It oscillates between periods of sadness (depression) and manic episodes (mania).


Read more on bipolar disorder


BPD (Personality Disorder)

BPD person or disorder (BPD) is considered a personality disorder.


Read more on personality disorder


Eating disorder 

Food is a vital function that provides the essential nutrients, in quantity and quality, in good health. The latter is physical but also psychological, emotional and social. So there is a balance between personal needs, cultural and metabolic.


Read more on eating disorder